OBJECTIVE: Despite its low incidence, pulmonary hypertension in children places a substantial burden on families and society because survival can be shorter than 10 months and treatment options are limited and ineffective. Drugs to treat pulmonary hypertension include endothelin antagonists, phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and prostacyclin, which is the most widely used to treat pediatric pulmonary hypertension. The main aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview of the advantages and disadvantages of prostacyclin and its analogs for treating pulmonary hypertension in children.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: To retrieve a thorough collection of studies, we performed a search in PubMed using the following combination of keywords: (Prostacyclins) or (Epoprostenol) or (Iloprost) or (Treprostinil) or (Beraprost), (children) and (pulmonary arterial hypertension). The time limits used for the search were December 1983 to May 2021.
RESULTS: The search retrieved a total of 238 articles. Titles and abstracts of articles were screened for relevance, and all relevant articles published in English were included.
CONCLUSIONS: Epoprostenol can be effective against severe pulmonary hypertension. Iloprost can treat severe persistent pulmonary hypertension in newborns and inhaled iloprost can be used in pulmonary vasoreactivity testing. Treprostinil is a long-acting prostacyclin analog, and it shows the highest antiproliferative activity among prostacyclins. Beraprost may be effective in premature infants, but available evidence comes from only one patient, so more clinical testing is needed.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Y. Wu, H.-M. Liu, L. Gu, Q.-W. Li, L. Zhu
Prostacyclins and pulmonary arterial hypertension in children
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 1