Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (1): 64-75

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27749

High intraoperative blood product requirements in liver transplantation: risk factors and impact on the outcome

L. Teofili, C.G. Valentini, P. Aceto, M. Bartolo, L. Sollazzi, S. Agnes, R. Gaspari, A.W. Avolio

Dipartimento di Diagnostica per Immagini, Radioterapia Oncologica ed Ematologica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy. paola.aceto@policlinicogemelli.it


OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation (LT) is associated with a significant bleeding and the high transfusion requirements (HTR) negatively affect the outcome of LT patients. Our primary aim was to identify potential predictors of intraoperative transfusion requirements. Secondarily, we investigated, the effect of transfusion requirements on different clinical outcomes, including short-term morbidity and mortality.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data collected in 219 adult LT from a deceased donor, grouped according to HTR (defined as the need of 5 or more red blood cell units), were compared.

RESULTS: We found that previous portal vein thromboses (p=0.0156), hemoglobin (Hb) (p<0.0001), International Normalized Ratio (INR) (p=0.0010) at transplant and veno-venous by-pass (p=0.0048) independently predicted HTR. HTR was always associated with poorer outcomes, including higher simplified acute physiology II score at Intensive Care Unit admission (p=0.0005), higher rates of pulmonary infections (p=0.0015) and early rejection (p=0.0176), longer requirement of mechanical ventilation, (p<0.0001), more frequent need for hemodialysis after transplantation (p=0.0036), overall survival (p=0.0010) and rate of day-90 survival (p=0.0016).

CONCLUSIONS: This study identified specific risk factors for HTR and confirmed the negative impact exerted by HTR on clinical outcomes, including recipient survival. Prospective investigations are worth to assess whether correcting pre-transplant Hb and INR levels may effectively reduce blood product need and improve prognosis.

 

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L. Teofili, C.G. Valentini, P. Aceto, M. Bartolo, L. Sollazzi, S. Agnes, R. Gaspari, A.W. Avolio
High intraoperative blood product requirements in liver transplantation: risk factors and impact on the outcome

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 1
Pages: 64-75
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27749