OBJECTIVE: The data on the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) provided in scientific publications are divergent and contradictory. Therefore, the aim of our systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of SHPT treatment in (chronic kidney disease) CKD.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Cochrane, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched independently by two authors. The search strategy included controlled vocabulary and keywords. The effectiveness and side effects of calcifediol, ergocaliferol, calcitriol, paricalcitol, and cinacalcet were compared and analyzed.
RESULTS: Extended-release (ER) calcifediol raised the total serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level over the threshold of 30 ng/mL in 80% of the patients analyzed in the study. It is the level required for intact PTH (iPTH) suppression. ER calcifediol reduced the iPTH level by 30% in about 30% of the patients, whereas only 2.1% of them had hypercalcemia. Calcitriol significantly decreased the iPTH values. It was the cause of hypercalcemia in 1.7% of the patients. The reduction of the iPTH level by more than 30% was observed in 85.7% of the patients in the paracalcitol group after 48-week supplementation. Paricalcitol was the cause of hypercalcemia in 1.9% of the patients. The cinacalcet therapy resulted in the highest percentage of patients with the iPTH level within the limits recommended by the KDOQI (70-110 ng/L for stage 4 CKD and 150-300 ng/L for stage 5 CKD). 92% of the patients met the KDOQI guidelines and the mean decrease in the serum iPTH level was 68%.
CONCLUSIONS: Calcifediol ER, paricalcitol, and cinacalcet significantly decreased the iPTH level in the patients under study. Paricalcitol increased the serum calcium concentration the most of all the drugs under analysis. It is noteworthy that only cinacalcet does not carry the risk of hypercalcemia.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
M. Miedziaszczyk, I. Idasiak-Piechocka, O. Wojciech Wiśniewski, K. Lacka
A systematic review of the pharmacotherapy of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in grades 3-5 Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 1