Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (1): 298-304

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27781

Can evaluating adrenal glands in computed tomography contribute to predicting the prognosis of hospitalized COVID-19 patients?

M. Ilgar, S. Ünlü, M. Akçiçek

Department of Radiology, Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Malatya, Turkey. mehtapilgar@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may affect the adrenal glands. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the morphologic appearance of the adrenal glands by thorax computed tomography (CT). On CT scans, stranding in peripheral fatty tissue with enlarged adrenal glands may indicate signs of adrenal infarction (SAI). The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of SAI and determine whether this finding may contribute to predictions of the prognosis of COVID-19.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 343 patients who had been hospitalized at Malatya Training and Research Hospital between September 1 and 30, 2020, with a diagnosis of COVID-19 were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent thorax CT scans that included their adrenal glands.

RESULTS: Of the enrolled patients, 16.0% had SAI. Moreover, 41.8% of patients with SAI and 15.3% of patients without SAI were treated in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients with SAI had a significantly higher rate of ICU admission (p < 0.001). Mortality rates were also significantly higher among patients with SAI than those without p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, it was found that COVID-19 patients with SAI may have a poorer prognosis. More comprehensive studies are needed on this subject, but the present study may provide helpful preliminary information in terms of prognosis.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

M. Ilgar, S. Ünlü, M. Akçiçek
Can evaluating adrenal glands in computed tomography contribute to predicting the prognosis of hospitalized COVID-19 patients?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 1
Pages: 298-304
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27781