Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (1): 312-319

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27783

Assessment of anxiety level and sleep quality of medical staff treating patients with COVID-19

A. Alboghdadly, M.J. Saadh, A.M. Kharshid, M.S. Shaalan, S.Z. Alshawwa

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. msaadeh@meu.edu.jo


OBJECTIVE:  Worldwide transmission of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and related morbidity and mortality has presented a global challenge for several reasons. One such underrecognized and unaddressed aspect is the emotional health problems that medical staff have developed during this pandemic. The purpose of this one-month study was to examine anxiety levels and sleep quality of 100 medical staff members who worked in medical clinics treating COVID-19 patients in Saudi hospitals and to investigate the association of both anxiety levels and sleep quality with age, sex, and distinctive demographics.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated anxiety levels and sleep quality of 100 medical staff members (age range 20-60 years) who worked in medical clinics treating COVID-19 patients in Saudi hospitals and the association of both anxiety levels and sleep quality with age, sex, and distinctive demographics. Anxiety levels and sleep quality were measured using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (SAS and PSQI, respectively).

RESULTS:  A significant increment in anxiety and poor sleep quality was found in medical staff caring for COVID-19 patients. Anxiety levels in females were higher than males; however, poor sleep quality was somewhat higher in males vs. females but did not vary between age groups. Age was significantly negatively correlated with anxiety symptoms; individuals < 40 years old vs. ≥ 40 had more significant anxiety levels. We observed that medical staff with top-level salaries demonstrated a significant correlation (p = 0.028) between poor sleep quality and ill effects vs. those who had lower pay rates. A correlation between income and anxiety was not found.

CONCLUSIONS: The higher the probability and intensity of exposure to coronavirus patients, the more noteworthy the danger that medical staff will experience the ill effects of mental issues.

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To cite this article

A. Alboghdadly, M.J. Saadh, A.M. Kharshid, M.S. Shaalan, S.Z. Alshawwa
Assessment of anxiety level and sleep quality of medical staff treating patients with COVID-19

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 1
Pages: 312-319
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202201_27783