OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of robotic hysterectomies are being performed and the most common indication is fibroids. Fibroid uterus is common indication for hysterectomy for enlarged uteri. The role of robotic approach for complex pathologies as enlarged uterus is still debatable. The study aimed to analyze the feasibility of robotic hysterectomy in patients with enlarged uteri and the impact of uterine weight on surgical outcomes and on operative time length.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight patients who underwent robotic hysterectomy for benign indications at the 2nd Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Pisana, University of Pisa were consecutively enrolled.
RESULTS: Data of patients undergoing robotic surgery for benign indications were collected. Patients were stratified in two groups based on their uterine weight, to analyze the effective impact of uterine weight and dimension on surgical performance, operative time and postoperative outcomes. Conversion rate was 0%. Median uterine weight was 615 g (range 400-1900 g). Median total operating time was 131 minutes (range 70-255 minutes). Increase in uterine weight significantly increased operative times (p=0.003) and morcellation time (p=0.001). On the other hand, operative time was just partially influenced by route for removal of the uterus (p=0.085) but significantly affected by uterine weight (p=0.008), previous surgeries (p=0.003) and BMI of the patient (p=0.005).
CONCLUSIONS: Robotic hysterectomy is feasible and safe for challenging cases as large uteri. This technique could enable patients with outsized uteri, not suitable for vaginal hysterectomy, to undergo minimally invasive surgery with excellent results. Larger studies to investigate and compare robotic with other surgical approaches for difficult hysterectomies are needed to confirm these data.
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A. Perutelli, L. Domenici, S. Garibaldi, G. Albanesi, C. Baroni, L. Salvati, N. Salvati, E. Cecchi, P. Bottone, M.G. Salerno
Efficacy and safety of robotic-assisted surgery in challenging hysterectomies – a single institutional experience
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 4