Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (6): 1984-1993

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202203_28347

Methotrexate/mifepristone-combined with embryo removal in the treatment of caesarean scar pregnancy

S.-S. Yu, M.-Y. Ma, R. Zhou, R. Liang, Z. Duan, J. Wang, Y. Tian, J. Jiang, X. He, Q. Zhou

Department of Ultrasound, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China. 393733823@qq.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different administration modalities of methotrexate (MTX)/mifepristone in the initial medication stage, followed by embryo transfer in the treatment of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 66 CSP patients who received treatment in our hospital from January 2015 to July 2021 was performed, and participants were divided into three groups: Group one (n=14) received mifepristone followed by embryo removal treatment, Group two (n=29) received MTX followed by embryo removal, and Group three (n=23) received a methotrexate/mifepristone combined treatment followed by embryo removal. The basic findings were analysed, along with the curative effects between the three groups. Risk factors predicting additional treatment after initial intervention failure were analysed.

RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in gestational age, hospitalization days, costs, myometrial thickness, cardiac activity, and mean sac diameter between groups (p<0.05) after grouping by eight weeks. The initial intervention success rates were 92.86%, 89.66%, and 65.22% in Group one, two, and three, respectively (p<0.05), while the complication rates were 14.29%, 6.90%, and 26.87%, respectively (p>0.05). After grouping according to eight weeks of gestational age, the difference in initial serum β-hCG between Group two and three was statistically significant (p<0.05). Mean sac diameter was a risk factor for additional treatment after initial intervention failure, with an odds ratio of 1.113 (p<0.05). A cut-off of 22.75 mm was a preferable indicator.

CONCLUSIONS: MTX/mifepristone followed by embryo removal is a reliable way to treat CSP. Mean sac diameter was a risk factor for additional treatment after initial intervention failure.

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S.-S. Yu, M.-Y. Ma, R. Zhou, R. Liang, Z. Duan, J. Wang, Y. Tian, J. Jiang, X. He, Q. Zhou
Methotrexate/mifepristone-combined with embryo removal in the treatment of caesarean scar pregnancy

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 6
Pages: 1984-1993
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202203_28347