Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (7): 2639-2645

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202204_28502

The COVID-19 pandemic – related psychological distress and job burnout among Serbian pharmacy practitioners: a cross-sectional online study

D. Živanović, J. Javorac, S. Stojkov, M. Jevtić, J. Knežević, J. Blanuša, D. Štimac Grbić, M. Paut Kusturica, N. Jovanović Lješković, N. Todorović

Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Vocational Studies for the Education of Preschool Teachers and Sports Trainers, Subotica, Serbia. dejanzivanovic@vsovsu.rs


OBJECTIVE: The current COVID-19 pandemic has increased occupational stress for all healthcare providers, making job burnout one of the most common and largely unrecognized mental health issues among healthcare professionals. Besides physicians and nurses, pharmacy practitioners were “front-line” healthcare professionals with a critical and unique role in the public health crisis. Considering this, the aim of this study was to examine distress levels and the prevalence of job burnout among Serbian pharmacy practitioners in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional online study was conducted in April and May of 2020. A total of 176 pharmacy practitioners anonymously and voluntarily completed the two-section questionnaire, consisting of Copenhagen burnout inventory, CBI and 4DSQ Distress subscale. The two-section questionnaire was distributed online, among various social-media groups of pharmacy practitioners, as well as by personal contacts following the “snowball” sampling method.

RESULTS: Results revealed moderately high burnout scores in our sample. The majority of the participants showed signs of personal-related job burnout, followed by work-related and client-related burnout. A strongly elevated distress level was obtained in almost two-thirds of study respondents. In addition, a significant and high correlation of all CBI subscales with distress was found, as well as medium correlations with sleep duration shortening as a mediator between distress and job burnout.

CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study showed that job burnout significantly increased among pharmacy practitioners during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, we discovered that stress has an indirect impact on study participants’ burnout via insufficient sleep.

 

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D. Živanović, J. Javorac, S. Stojkov, M. Jevtić, J. Knežević, J. Blanuša, D. Štimac Grbić, M. Paut Kusturica, N. Jovanović Lješković, N. Todorović
The COVID-19 pandemic – related psychological distress and job burnout among Serbian pharmacy practitioners: a cross-sectional online study

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 7
Pages: 2639-2645
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202204_28502