Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (9): 3151-3160

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202205_28732

Comparison of the risk of cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and diabetes among the selected group of football referees and the group of general population men from Northern Poland – a pilot study

J. Wesołowska, A. Jurczak, S. Wieder-Huszla, K. Jarosz, A. Jurewicz, M. Marchlewicz

Department of Aesthetic Dermatology, Department of Specialist Nursing, Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Oncology of the Musculoskeletal System, Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland. jolanta.wesolowska@pum.edu.pl


OBJECTIVE: We aimed at comparing the total body fat and visceral adipose tissue content in football referees and in the control group of general population men. An assessment of compliance with health promoting behavior in both groups was carried out.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study, conducted in Northern Poland, involved 112 men. The study group comprised 56 men, football referees. The control group consisted of randomly chosen general population men, not engaged in any sport activities. Assessment of compliance with health promoting behavior among football referees and general population men was based on ultrasound imaging using the BodyMetrix System device (IntelaMetrix, Poland). The study employed a survey questionnaire comprised of the original section and two standardized questionnaires: the Health Behavior Inventory (HBI) and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI): the Health Behavior Inventory (HBI) and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI).

RESULTS: The visceral adipose tissue content in the study group (football referees) was found to be low, and the excess of body fat was 0-0.25 kg. In the control group, the trunk fat volume was found to be higher by more than 8% as compared with the study group. Also, the level of visceral adipose tissue was high, and the excess of body fat was 0-4 kg.

CONCLUSIONS: Thanks to properly planned and systematically continued physical activity, despite non-compliance with certain pro-health principles (increased sweet supply and consumption of alcoholic beverages), football referees are characterized by the correct body fat volume and low level of visceral adipose tissue. The parameters were found to be markedly higher in the control group of randomly selected men from the general population. The risk of diabetes, stroke, and cardiovascular diseases among football referees was found to be very low.

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J. Wesołowska, A. Jurczak, S. Wieder-Huszla, K. Jarosz, A. Jurewicz, M. Marchlewicz
Comparison of the risk of cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and diabetes among the selected group of football referees and the group of general population men from Northern Poland – a pilot study

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 9
Pages: 3151-3160
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202205_28732