OBJECTIVE: Nasal packing is used to stop bleeding in cases of epistaxis. Different topical drugs are preferred to these packs in the emergency department. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of lidocaine, epinephrine and tranexamic acid (TXA) in stopping bleeding in patients with epistaxis.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with non-traumatic epistaxis were evaluated in three treatment groups as topical lidocaine, epinephrine, and TXA. These treatments were applied prospectively in a double-blind manner and randomized manner. The bleeding stop times of the patients were recorded with bleeding time parameters.
RESULTS: A total of 108 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 55.7±17.7 years. When the bleeding stop times were compared between the groups, there was no statistically significant difference (lidocaine vs. epinephrine, p=0.870; lidocaine vs. TXA, p=0.502; and epinephrine vs. TXA, p=0.242). The systolic blood pressure value statistically significantly differed between the lidocaine and epinephrine groups (p=0.034) and between the epinephrine and TXA groups (p=0.003). There was also a statistically significant difference between the diastolic blood pressure values of the epinephrine and TXA groups (p=0.020).
CONCLUSIONS: We found that nasal packing with lidocaine, epinephrine and TXA was not superior to each other in terms of stopping bleeding time.Free PDF Download
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
To cite this article
M. Ekmekyapar, L. Sahin, A. Gur
Comparison of the therapeutic efficacy of topical tranexamic acid, epinephrine, and lidocaine in stopping bleeding in non-traumatic epistaxis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 9