Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (9): 3386-3398

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202205_28760

Impact of SARS-CoV-2 on dentistry: a review of literature

M. Basilicata, F. Zarone, R. Leone, C. Guerriero, M. Di Lauro, R. Franco, S. Bernardini, A. Noce, P. Bollero, R. Sorrentino

Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy. michele.basilicata@ptvonline.it


OBJECTIVE: SARS-CoV-2 is a new Coronavirus identified as the cause of Coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19). The epidemic spread in China and beyond its borders, involving 114 countries with more than 5 million dead. On March 11, the WHO declared the spread of SARS-CoV-2 to be a pandemic and encouraged nations to adopt harsh restrictive measures. Therefore, patients more and more often turn to dental offices only for emergencies. Healthcare professionals, including dentists, are at high infectious risk. In fact, the closeness to the oral cavity and nasopharynx and the use of drills or ultrasonic devices that cause aerosol release, make dental professions at high risk of bacterial and viral infections. The way patients are treated has changed. In fact, it should be mandatory to carry out a pre-treatment telephone triage and the use of mouthwashes to reduce bacterial load. In the current pandemic, it is necessary to adopt specific safety protocols that can protect dental operators as well as limit the spread of the virus. The purpose of this review is to present an overview on ways to reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 contagion in dentistry by focusing on the immediate situation as well as by looking towards the future.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: To reach the review purpose, we selected a series of studies using keywords “COVID-19” OR “SARS-CoV-2” in association with “dentistry” AND “safety protocols” AND “healthcare procedures” AND “individual protection dispositive” AND “air transmission” AND “droplet”. We selected papers exclusively in English language, up to 1st January 2022.

RESULTS: During future phases of the pandemic, everywhere in the World, it is necessary to impose all dentistry team both a serological screening and the vaccination, as already established for all health staff in Italy.

CONCLUSIONS: For own safety, it is an important for the whole dentistry category constantly update the devices and the protocols adopted, as well as monitoring the real infectious threats, which may occur.

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To cite this article

M. Basilicata, F. Zarone, R. Leone, C. Guerriero, M. Di Lauro, R. Franco, S. Bernardini, A. Noce, P. Bollero, R. Sorrentino
Impact of SARS-CoV-2 on dentistry: a review of literature

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 9
Pages: 3386-3398
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202205_28760