OBJECTIVE: Our review aims at comparing the morbidity and mortality-related risks associated with the pre-injury administration of VK-antagonists or DOACs in elderly patients with TBI.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the academic literature across five databases (Web of Science, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Scopus, and MEDLINE), following PRISMA guidelines. We conducted a random-effect meta-analysis to compare the influence of pre-injury VK-antagonists or DOACs administration on the overall intensive care unit and hospital stays of patients with TBI. We also evaluated the overall risks associated with VK-antagonists and with DOACs for intracranial hemorrhage progression, surgical intervention, and overall mortality in patients with TBI.
RESULTS: From 973 studies, we found 11 eligible with 4,991 patients with traumatic brain injury (mean age, 77.82 ± 6.76 years). Our meta-analysis revealed insignificantly higher odds of surgical intervention (OR=1.72) and mortality (OR=1.07) associated with VK-antagonists administration than with DOACs administration. Similarly, we found that the intensive care unit (Hedge’s g, 0.13) and hospital (g, 0.26) stays were insignificantly longer for individuals on VK-antagonists than for those on DOAC. Moreover, we observed insignificantly higher intracranial hemorrhage progression risks (OR=1.22) for individuals receiving DOACs than for those receiving VK-antagonists.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence on the morbidity and mortality-related outcomes associated with the pre-injury administration of VK-antagonists or DOACs in patients with TBI. We found no significant differences between VK-antagonists and DOACs on the overall morbidity (hospital and intensive care unit stays, intracranial hemorrhage, and surgical intervention frequency) and mortality outcomes in elderly patients with TBI.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Y.-L. Liu, L. Yin, H.-M. Gu, X.-J. Zhu, X.-X. Huang
Outcomes of elderly patients with traumatic brain injury associated with the pre-injury antithrombotic prophylaxis type – A systematic review and meta-analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 12