OBJECTIVE: Synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) and its related materials have made great progress in basic research and clinical application in spinal repair and reconstruction. However, the effect of HA and its composites used in spinal fusion still remained controversial. This meta-analysis aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of HA compared with autologous bone.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search in PubMed, MEDLINE, China National Knowledge Internet, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was conducted for relevant studies from inception until May 2021. Studies investigating the application of HA and its related composites in spinal fusion were selected for analysis.
RESULTS: The operation time of patients treated with artificial bone containing HA was less than that of patients with autologous bone (p = 0.02). The amount of operative blood loss in patients in the HA group was less than that in the autograft group (p = 0.007). Patients treated with autologous bone got a more significant advantage in fusion rate at 6 months (p = 0.009). Nevertheless, there was no significant difference in the fusion rate between patients in the two groups at 12 months or no less than 24 months postoperatively (p = 0.24; p = 0.87). Compared to the autograft group, the HA group significantly decreased postoperative adverse events (p = 0.03). Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the Oswestry Disability Index (p = 1.00) nor the Visual Analogue Scale score (p = 0.94) between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggests that the clinical application of HA and its related composite materials in spinal reconstruction is comparable to that of autologous bone, with satisfactory efficacy and safety.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
X.-J. Liu, Q.-S. Zhu, H.-F. Sun, X.-J. Song, C.-L. Wang, Y.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Ma
The clinical efficacy of hydroxyapatite and its composites in spinal reconstruction: a meta-analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 13