Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (14): 5200-5209

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202207_29309

Ginkgo biloba, troxerutin and heptaminol chlorhydrate combined treatment for the management of venous insufficiency and hemorrhoidal crises

Z. Nonikashvili, R. Jūratė Gerbutavičienė

Department of Vascular Surgery, Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia. z.nonikashvili@tsu.edu


OBJECTIVE: Ginkor Fort® (Tonipharm, Recordati Group; GB-T-H combined treatment) comprises ginkgo biloba extract, troxerutin and heptaminol chlorhydrate. It is a venotonic and vasculoprotective agent that strengthens veins, increases vessel resistance, and reduces permeability. Thanks to these synergistic actions, it is indicated for the treatment of signs and symptoms of venous insufficiency (VI) and signs related to the hemorrhoidal crisis. This review recapitulates the rationale for using venotonics to manage VI and discusses available evidence on the use of GB-T-H combined treatment to manage VI and hemorrhoidal crisis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Papers were retrieved by a PubMed search using different keywords. No language or publication date restrictions were used. Documents from the Authors’ literature collection were also considered. Papers were selected for inclusion according to their relevance to the topic.

RESULTS: Preclinical and clinical studies showed that the GB-T-H combined treatment acts on both the acute phase symptoms and the pathogenetic mechanisms of the VI, through the prevention of the hypoxia-induced activation of endothelial cells, the reduction of the capillary tone and the hemostatic activity. This leads to the long-term slowing of the disease progression, suggesting that the GB-T-H combined treatment can manage the acute clinical manifestations and as a prevention measure with prolonged use in both VI and hemorrhoidal crises. In the available study, the GB-T-H combined treatment showed excellent tolerability.

CONCLUSIONS: Available literature evidence and extensive clinical experience support the use of the GB-T-H combined treatment as an effective and safe option for treating and preventing the clinical manifestation of VI and hemorrhoidal crisis.

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To cite this article

Z. Nonikashvili, R. Jūratė Gerbutavičienė
Ginkgo biloba, troxerutin and heptaminol chlorhydrate combined treatment for the management of venous insufficiency and hemorrhoidal crises

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 14
Pages: 5200-5209
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202207_29309