Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5460-5465

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29414

Evaluation of dental demands and needs of people experiencing homelessness in the city of Rome, Italy

G. Palaia, F. Semprini, F. De-Giorgio, M. Ralli, M. Bossù, A. Arcangeli, L. Ercoli, A. Polimeni

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. massimo.ralli@uniroma1.it

 


OBJECTIVE: Poor oral health and oral diseases are common among people experiencing homelessness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dental demands and needs of a population of homeless persons in the city of Rome, Italy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical records of 165 homeless patients admitted between October 2020 and October 2021 to the dental service of the Primary Care Services of the Eleemosynaria Apostolica, Vatican City, were retrospectively reviewed. The service employed dentists to evaluate dental needs and oral conditions in patients experiencing homelessness. The main dental and oral pathological conditions were noted.

RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-five records of homeless patients were included in the study. The sample consisted in 138 males (76.97%) and 27 females (23.03%) with a mean age of 46.9 years (range 7-85 years). Acute tooth pain was reported by 132 (80%) patients, 42 (25.45%) had edentulism or missing teeth and 18 (10.91%) patients had oral lesions. Both dental and oral pathologies were intercepted and managed in secondary healthcare facilities.

CONCLUSIONS: Given the specific peculiarities of this vulnerable population, it is important to implement strategies that facilitate the access of persons experiencing homelessness to dental evaluation with a preventive and curative perspective.

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G. Palaia, F. Semprini, F. De-Giorgio, M. Ralli, M. Bossù, A. Arcangeli, L. Ercoli, A. Polimeni
Evaluation of dental demands and needs of people experiencing homelessness in the city of Rome, Italy

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5460-5465
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29414