Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5489-5495

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29418

Complete blood count during the first trimester predicting spontaneous preterm birth

Y.-H. Zhang, M.-H. Zhen, Y.-F. Zeng, L. Lao, W. Ai

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foshan Fosun Chancheng Hospital, Foshan, Guangdong, China. wolf-fs@outlook.com

 


OBJECTIVE: This work aimed at assessing the peripheral complete blood count during the first trimester of pregnancy in women with spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) compared with age-matched controls who are women with healthy pregnancies.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional case-control study, with 175 sPTB and 175 age-matched healthy controls, carried out between January 2019 and December 2019. Baseline data and the complete blood count parameters examined during the first trimester of all the participants were recorded. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate cut-off point and diagnostic characteristics and area under the curve predicting sPTB.

RESULTS: White blood count, platelet, lymphocyte, monocyte, and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio values were significantly higher, and platelet-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio values were lower in sPTB group than healthy control group in the first trimester of pregnancy. Receiver-operator curve analysis suggested that lymphocyte, white blood count, platelet-lymphocyte ratio, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, monocyte, and platelet in the first trimester of pregnancy had predictive value for sPTB. The greatest predictive was lymphocyte, and the areas under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROCs) reached 0.853.

CONCLUSIONS: Lymphocyte values during the first trimester of pregnancy were the most predictive spontaneous preterm delivery. Therefore, in the management of the higher risk of preterm delivery, lymphocyte values could be a more cost-effective method during the first trimester of pregnancy because it does not need any kit.

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To cite this article

Y.-H. Zhang, M.-H. Zhen, Y.-F. Zeng, L. Lao, W. Ai
Complete blood count during the first trimester predicting spontaneous preterm birth

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5489-5495
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29418