Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5568-5573

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29428

The novel biomarker, neopterin, can predict the severity of COVID-19

C. Karacaer, S. Yaylaci, K. Issever, H. Sert, K.O. Suner, E. Cokluk, A. Nalbant, T. Demirci, C. Varim, T. Kaya

Department of Internal Medicine, Sakarya Research and Training Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey. karacaerc@yahoo.com


OBJECTIVE: SARS-CoV-2 infection primarily affects T-lymphocytes, particularly CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. However, there is a need for simpler and less expensive laboratory tests with predictive values comparable to CD4+ cell counts. Thus, the goal of this study was to investigate the role of neopterin levels in predicting intensive care and mortality in coronavirus disease patients in 2019.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 87 hospitalized patients who were diagnosed with COVID-19. Patients were divided into two groups: those receiving intensive care (Severe COVID-19; S-COVID-19) and those receiving non-intensive care (Moderate COVID-19; M-COVID-19). Patients’ clinical characteristics, serum neopterin levels, and other laboratory data were compared across groups.

RESULTS: The average age was 63.9±155.2 years, and 44 (%) of the participants were male. WBC (p = 0.008), neutrophil (p = 0.002), HDL (p = 0.009), ferritin, calcium, albumin, LDH, APTT, lymphocyte, INR, D-dimer, troponin, prothrombin time sedimentation, and PaO2 (p = 0.001) were all associated with death. The neopterin level in the M-COVID-19 group was 3 (min-max; 3.1–5.9) and 3.2 (2.3–7) in the S-COVID-19 group, with no statistically significant difference (p = 0.456). Gender differences between groups were not significant (p = 0.183). According to the ROC analysis, if parameters such as age, D-Dimer, troponin, ferritin, albumin, LDH, CRP, procalcitonin, and PaO2 exceed the cut-off values and lymphocyte levels are below, it can predict the need for intensive care and mortality in COVID-19 patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Although we did not find statistically significant results with neopterin in terms of mortality in COVID-19 individuals in our study, more thorough, prospective, randomized controlled studies with expanded patient populations at various phases of the disease are needed.

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To cite this article

C. Karacaer, S. Yaylaci, K. Issever, H. Sert, K.O. Suner, E. Cokluk, A. Nalbant, T. Demirci, C. Varim, T. Kaya
The novel biomarker, neopterin, can predict the severity of COVID-19

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5568-5573
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29428