Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5587-5595

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29431

Autonomic dysfunction and metabolic disorders as the possible sequelae of COVID-19 infection

I.H. Inanc, C. Sabanoglu

Department of Cardiology, Kirikkale Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Kirikkale, Turkey. dr.ibrahimhalilinanc@outlook.com


OBJECTIVE: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection is associated with autonomic dysfunction. Data on the long-term relationship between COVID-19 infection, heart rate recovery (HRR), and exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise (EBPR) are very limited. In our study, we aimed at investigating the long-term association between COVID-19, HRR, EBPR, metabolic, and echocardiographic parameters.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 65 patients in the study group (33 female, median age 46) and 57 in the control group (30 female, 39 median age) between 1 April 2020 and 1 January 2021. Office blood pressure measurement, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, treadmill test, echocardiography, and metabolic parameters were evaluated.

RESULTS: The frequency of blunted HRR (25 subjects, 38.5%, p < 0.001) and EBPR (7 subjects, 10.8%, p = 0.014) were significantly higher in study group. The study group had higher levels of white blood cell (p = 0.002), neutrophil, c-reactive protein, and uric acid (p < 0.001). Diameters of left atrium, aortic root, and ascending aorta were significantly higher in study group (p < 0.05). Age adjusted multiple logistic regression analysis showed that neutrophil levels (odds ratio (OR), 9.21; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.52-55.75, p = 0.016), glomerular filtration rate (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.13-1.59, p = 0.001), basal heart rate (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.17-2.12, p = 0.003), and mean heart rate (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 1.03-1.45, p = 0.0021) were independently associated with COVID-19 infection.

CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of blunted HRR and EBPR, and uric acid levels were significantly higher in the study group compared to the control group, suggesting autonomic dysfunction as the possible sequelae of the COVID-19 infection and increased risk of cardiovascular events in the future.

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To cite this article

I.H. Inanc, C. Sabanoglu
Autonomic dysfunction and metabolic disorders as the possible sequelae of COVID-19 infection

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5587-5595
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29431