Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (15): 5596-5600

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29432

Levosimendan for acute right heart failure in COVID-19: another arrow in our quiver?

F. Cribari, C. Conte, A. Ruggio, M.L. Narducci, A. D’Aiello, D. Pedicino, L.M. Biasucci, G. Liuzzo

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. marialucia.narducci@policlinicogemelli.it

 


OBJECTIVE: SARS-CoV-2 infection is associated with a higher risk of acute right heart failure (RHF) due to primary right ventricle (RV) dilation and systemic inflammatory response, which in turn lead to microvascular and cardiomyocytes dysfunction, local hypoxia and multi-organ failure. In this clinical setting, levosimendan could be a viable therapy thanks to its right-heart tropism and its additional pleiotropic properties.

CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 72 years-old man with positive nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 infection, mild pulmonary involvement and clinical signs of new-onset RHF. We started a 12-hour levosimendan cycle to improve RV performance and reduce cardiac filling pressures.

RESULTS: We obtained a net clinical benefit in terms of acute RHF-related signs and symptoms, progressive renal and liver function improvement and concomitant reduction of high-sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

CONCLUSIONS: Acute RHF during SARS-CoV-2 infection could be related to a convergent widespread systemic inflammatory response. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory and anti-remodeling properties, levosimendan might represent a viable therapy in this clinical setting, contributing to the dampening of the inflammatory response.

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F. Cribari, C. Conte, A. Ruggio, M.L. Narducci, A. D’Aiello, D. Pedicino, L.M. Biasucci, G. Liuzzo
Levosimendan for acute right heart failure in COVID-19: another arrow in our quiver?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 15
Pages: 5596-5600
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29432