Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (16): 5646-5650

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29497

The armed conflict in Ukraine and the risks of inter-country surrogacy: the unsolved dilemma

S. Marinelli, A. Del Rio, M. Straccamore, F. Negro, G. Basile

School of Law, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy. alessandrodelrio70@uniroma1.it


Commercial surrogacy in Ukraine has been legal since 2002, and although no official figures are released, estimates point to several thousand births occurring yearly. The country has long been regarded as one of the surrogacy capitals of the world, due to relatively affordable costs and effective targeted legislation making the surrogacy contracts enforceable. Would-be parents come from countries where surrogacy is banned or heavily restricted to start a family despite their infertility, a practice known as inter-country surrogacy. When a child is born through surrogacy, the surrogate mother forfeits her rights over the child, thus allowing the so-called “intended” or “commissioning” parents to be recognized as such on the Ukrainian birth certificate. Inter-country surrogacy has long been a highly controversial practice from an ethical and legal perspective, but the brutally destructive armed conflict erupted in the country over three months ago has laid bare all the pitfalls and deep flaws of such a system. Children born through surrogacy cannot be handed over to their intended parents, and surrogates risk legal issues and see their rights jeopardized by their choices even in a war setting, for instance if they decide to seek refuge abroad. The horrors of war thus risk victimizing the most vulnerable to an irreparable degree. An international effort is now more urgent than ever to seek a tenable balance between the desires of couples to achieve parenthood and the rights and freedom of often vulnerable women who risk exploitation and abuse and their children.

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To cite this article

S. Marinelli, A. Del Rio, M. Straccamore, F. Negro, G. Basile
The armed conflict in Ukraine and the risks of inter-country surrogacy: the unsolved dilemma

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 16
Pages: 5646-5650
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29497