Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (16): 5698-5705

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29504

Efficacy of adjunct subgingival minocycline delivery for treatment of peri-implantitis in moderate cigarette smokers

A.A. Alhumaidan, M. Alrabiah, K.A. Al-Aali, F. Javed, F. Vohra, T. Abduljabbar

Preventive Dental Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University Dammam, Saudi Arabia. tajabbar@ksu.edu.sa


OBJECTIVE: Localized subgingival minocycline hydrochloride (MH) delivery as an adjuvant to with non-surgical mechanical debridement (NSMD) is useful for the treatment of periodontitis; however, there are no trials that have assessed the efficacy of subgingival MH delivery with NSMD for the treatment of peri-implantitis in cigarette-smokers and non-smokers. This randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy of subgingival MH delivery with NSMD for the treatment of peri-implantitis in cigarette-smokers.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Self-reported current cigarette-smokers and non-smokers with peri-implantitis were encompassed. These individuals were subdivided into 2-subgroups. Patients in test- and control groups received NSMD with and without a single delivery of subgingival MH. Modified-gingival-index (mGI), modified-plaque-index (mPI), probing-depth (PD) and crestal-bone-loss (CBL) were measured at baseline and at 6-months’ follow-up. Demographic-data was also collected. Level of significance was set at p<0.01.

RESULTS: Twenty-four cigarette-smokers and 24 non-smokers with peri-implantitis were included. There was a significant reduction in mPI (p<0.01), mGI (p<0.01), PD (p<0.01) at 6-months among patients with and without type-2 DM in test- and control-groups. There was no significant difference in peri-implant mPI, PD and mGI, patients with and without type-2 diabetes in test- and control-groups at 6-months of follow-up. There was no significant difference in CBL in all patients at 6-months of follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: A single application of subgingival MH delivery is as effective as NSMD alone for the treatment of peri-implantitis in cigarette-smokers and non-smokers.

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A.A. Alhumaidan, M. Alrabiah, K.A. Al-Aali, F. Javed, F. Vohra, T. Abduljabbar
Efficacy of adjunct subgingival minocycline delivery for treatment of peri-implantitis in moderate cigarette smokers

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 16
Pages: 5698-5705
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29504