Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (16): 5718-5728

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29507

Predictive value of systemic immune-inflammation index for cerebral reperfusion and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment

B.A. Acar, T. Acar, M.B. Vatan, Y.G. Aras, S.B. Ulaş, H.A. Eryılmaz, Ş. Dalkılıç, A.P. Zafer, O. Turhan, A. Vatan, P. Varım, T. Kaya

Department of Neurology, Department of Cardiology, Department of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey. bulentvatan@hotmail.com


OBJECTIVE: The systemic immune inflammation (SII) index has been an excellent prognostic indicator in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In this study, we assessed the utility of the SII in predicting the prognosis and reperfusion status of patients with AIS who underwent endovascular treatment (EVT).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: 123 consecutive AIS patients were enrolled in our study. The receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve was used to determine the cut-off value of SII for predicting unsuccessful cerebral reperfusion. Multivariate logistic regression analysis analyzed the association between SII and unsuccessful reperfusion rate after EVT.

RESULTS: The median value of SII was significantly higher in patients with unsuccessful reperfusion compared to patients with successful reperfusion [2,029 (1,217-2,771) vs. 1,172 (680-2,145) respectively, p=0.003)]. A ROC curve analysis showed that the best cut-off value of SII for predicting unsuccessful reperfusion status was 1,690, with sensitivity and specificity of 71% and 69%, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.673 (95% CI; 0.552-0.793). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that SII ≥ 1,690 value was an independent predictor of unsuccessful cerebral reperfusion and unfavorable clinical outcome after EVT (Hazard ratio – H.R.=3.713, 95% CI: 1.281-10.76, p=0.016, HR=2.28, 95% CI: 1.06-4.88, p=0.035, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: We suggested that SII is a potential indicator to predict the unsuccessful cerebral reperfusion and unfavorable clinical outcome for patients with AIS undergoing EVT.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

B.A. Acar, T. Acar, M.B. Vatan, Y.G. Aras, S.B. Ulaş, H.A. Eryılmaz, Ş. Dalkılıç, A.P. Zafer, O. Turhan, A. Vatan, P. Varım, T. Kaya
Predictive value of systemic immune-inflammation index for cerebral reperfusion and clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular treatment

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 16
Pages: 5718-5728
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202208_29507