OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of induction of labor on maternal and fetal outcomes.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included 4386 pregnant women with low-risk singleton pregnancies who underwent regular prenatal examination and successful vaginal delivery at ≥41 weeks and 0 days of gestation in Fujian Maternal and Child Health Hospital between January 2014 and December 2018. Clinical data of women were retrospectively divided into the induction of labor group (2007 cases) and spontaneous onset of labor group (2361 cases) based on the mode of labor initiation. Two-sample independent t-test and χ2 tests were used to analyze the differences in clinical characteristics, such as maternal age and parity between the two groups.
RESULTS: The induction of the labor group had a significantly longer total duration of labor (9.37±5.37 vs. 8.82±5.13 h; p<0.001), more postpartum blood loss (219.18±188.32 vs. 199.95±124.69 mL; p=0.01) and a significantly higher incidence of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) comparing to the spontaneous onset of labor group [0.8% (16/2007) vs. 0.33% (8/2361); p=0.041]. However, no significant difference was found in the neonatal outcomes. After adjusting for age, induction of labor in nulliparous women was more likely to lead to PPH than the spontaneous onset of labor [2.74% (55/2007) vs. 1.65% (39/2361); odds ratio=1.557; 95% confidence interval: 1.039-2.332; p<0.05].
CONCLUSIONS: Induction of labor increases the duration of labor and postpartum blood loss, especially in primary parturient, leading to an increased risk of PPH. This increase may be related to the overall higher duration of labor, associated with IOL. Therefore, low-risk nulliparous women should try to avoid induction of labor without medical indications.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
Q.-J. Zhang, S.-W. Chen, X. Xu, H.-L. Zhang, J.-Y. Yan
Effect of induction of labor on maternal and perinatal outcomes in low-risk singleton pregnancies: a retrospective case-control study
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 26 - N. 16