Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (17): 6396-6403

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29667

Long-term predictive value of cardiac biomarkers in patients with COVID-19 infection

C. Sabanoglu, I.H. Inanc, E. Polat, S.A. Peker

Department of Cardiology, Kırıkkale Yuksek Ihtisas Hospital, Kırıkkale, Turkey. drchingiz23@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Several studies have investigated the association between cardiac biomarkers and short-term prognosis in the COVID-19 infection. However, the data on the predictive value of cardiac biomarkers to predict long-term prognosis in COVID-19 infection are limited. We aimed at determining the relationship between N-terminal brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-TnI) as cardiac biomarkers and in-hospital/long-term outcomes in COVID-19 infection.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 916 patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection. The primary outcome was in-hospital and 1-year mortality. The secondary outcome was intensive care need at admission or the need to be transferred to the intensive care unit later on.

RESULTS: The study included 498 (54.4%) males and 418 (45.6%) females with a mean age of 55.1±18.5 years. The patients with known heart failure (HF), COVID-19-related HF, acute renal failure (ARF), chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma, high CO-RADS score (≥ 4), lower EF, higher hs-TnI, and NT-proBNP levels had increased in-hospital and 1-year mortality. After multivariate analysis, NT-proBNP, hs-TnI, CKD, ARF, diabetes mellitus, and CAD were independent predictors of in-hospital and 1-year mortality. After ROC analysis, NT-proBNP cut-off levels of 1022.50 (sensitivity 87.5%, specificity 87.1%) and 1008 (sensitivity 88.6%, specificity 88.0%) were found to predict in-hospital and 1-year mortality, respectively. Hs-TnI cut-off levels of 49.6 (sensitivity 88.6%, specificity 88.9%) and 34.10 (sensitivity 83.8%, specificity 84.1%) were found to predict in-hospital and 1-year mortality, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that NT-proBNP and hs-TnI can be used as valuable cardiac biomarkers to predict short-term and long-term parameters in COVID-19 infection.

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To cite this article

C. Sabanoglu, I.H. Inanc, E. Polat, S.A. Peker
Long-term predictive value of cardiac biomarkers in patients with COVID-19 infection

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 17
Pages: 6396-6403
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29667