Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (18): 6837-6844

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29786

Prevalence, resistance phenotypes, and fluoroquinolone resistance genes of Salmonella isolates from raw milk of healthy dairy cows in Henan province, China

B.-G. Liu, M. Xie, Y.-T. Gong, Y. Dong, G.-M. Zheng, H. Wu, G.-Z. Hu, M. Bai, E.-P. Xu

Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou, China. liubaoguang83@sina.com


OBJECTIVE: Salmonella isolates have been discovered in many regions of the world. We investigated the prevalence and resistance of Salmonella isolates in raw milk of healthy dairy cows on farms in different regions of Henan Province, China.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2020 to November 2021, 422 raw milk samples were collected. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 16 antimicrobial agents against 89 Salmonella strains detected from the raw milk samples were determined using the broth microdilution method, and the resistance genes for fluoroquinolones were identified using polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS: Eighty-nine (21.09%) Salmonella isolates were recovered from 422 raw milk samples. The Salmonella strains exhibited high resistance to amoxicillin (100.00%), tylosin (95.50%), and lincomycin (95.50%). Additionally, tigecycline showed good activity against Salmonella, with an MIC50 of 0.25 μg/mL. All Salmonella isolates showed multidrug resistance (MDR), and >50% of the strains showed resistance to more than six antimicrobials. The strains from Jiaozuo exhibited 100% resistance to amoxicillin, terramycin, tylosin, and lincomycin. Two efflux pump genes, oqxA and oqxB, had the highest carrying rates of 66.29% and 64.04%, respectively. Additionally, the carrying rates of oqxA and oqxB were high in Shangqiu, Zhengzhou, and Jiaozuo. The carrying rates of aac(6’)-Ib-cr in Shangqiu and Zhengzhou were 33.33% and 38.46%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a high prevalence of Salmonella isolates obtained from raw milk of healthy dairy cows in different regions of Henan Province, China. The Salmonella strains exhibited various degrees of MDR. Salmonella can be transmitted to humans via consumption of contaminated raw milk; thus, the presence of resistance genes poses a potential threat to public health, highlighting the need for vigilant monitoring of Salmonella isolates.

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To cite this article

B.-G. Liu, M. Xie, Y.-T. Gong, Y. Dong, G.-M. Zheng, H. Wu, G.-Z. Hu, M. Bai, E.-P. Xu
Prevalence, resistance phenotypes, and fluoroquinolone resistance genes of Salmonella isolates from raw milk of healthy dairy cows in Henan province, China

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 18
Pages: 6837-6844
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202209_29786