Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022; 26 (20): 7713-7718

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202210_30048

In the search for appropriateness in the cure of vaginitis: a model of anti-fungal stewardship?

F. Tumietto, E. Sora, S. Tedeschi

Antimicrobial Stewardship Unit, Territorial Pharmaceutical Assistance, Local Health Authority of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. fabio.tumietto@unibo.it


Antimicrobial resistance remains a worldwide issue with a major clinical and economic impact, leading to exceeding mortality, increased frequency of hospitalization and a great burden on the healthcare systems. Vulvovaginitis, especially when due to mixed infections, has emerged as a condition for which appropriate selection of antimicrobial therapy and proper antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) may contribute to minimizing the resistance development. This review discusses the appropriateness of selecting treatment for vulvovaginitis in order to reduce the development of resistance in gynecological practice.

Narrative review based on a selection of literature performed according to the Authors’ experience and a MEDLINE search using the following keywords: “vaginitis” OR “Candida” OR “fungal infection” AND “antifungal therapy”. No limits were applied, but papers were selected for inclusion in this narrative review according to their relevance to the topic, as judged by the Authors.

Worldwide, antimicrobial treatment in gynecology and ASPs focuses on prescribing systemic and expensive antifungal drugs, while treatment selection should consider several factors. Recently, topical azoles have been recommended as suitable alternatives to oral systemic azoles, given their similar efficacy in limiting clinical recurrence. In particular, fenticonazole has already been proposed as an alternative to systemic antifungal drugs to limit the onset of resistance.

Optimizing the selection of antimicrobial treatment can help reduce the development of resistance in gynecological practice. Given its wide action spectrum and ability to exert antimicrobial activity against fungi, bacteria and mixed infections, fenticonazole may be considered a suitable first-line, empiric therapy for vaginal and mixed infections, avoiding alteration of intestinal microflora and minimizing the risk of selection of drug-resistant microbial strains.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

F. Tumietto, E. Sora, S. Tedeschi
In the search for appropriateness in the cure of vaginitis: a model of anti-fungal stewardship?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2022
Vol. 26 - N. 20
Pages: 7713-7718
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202210_30048