Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (1): 179-187

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30870

Impact of body mass index and vitamin D on serum AMH levels and antral follicle count in PCOS

N. Dokuzeylül Güngör, K. Güngör, N. Celik, M. Önal, A.A. Madenli

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IVF Unit, Bahcesehir University, Göztepe Medical Park Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. drnur9eylul@hotmail.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) values and 25(OH) vitamin D levels determined by Endocrine Society on serum Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty infertile women with PCOS and 30 age-matched women with unexplained infertility (UEI), were included. Patients in PCOS and control groups were divided into three subgroups according to their BMI values as normal, overweight and obese. Each BMI group was divided into three subgroups according to vitamin D levels. While AMH and vitamin D levels were determined at first admission, AFC was measured on the third day of cycle.

RESULTS: BMI, AFC, and AMH levels of women with PCOS were significantly higher than the UEI group. AMH values of women with PCOS with normal BMI were found to be significantly higher than UEI controls with normal BMI. AMH values of overweight and obese PCOS patients and controls were similar. As BMI values of the PCOS group increased, vitamin D levels decreased significantly. Vitamin D levels of the patients in the PCOS group were found to be significantly lower than the control group. When evaluated according to BMI, the vitamin D levels of normal, overweight and obese women with PCOS were significantly lower than the UEI.

CONCLUSIONS: Rising BMI in PCOS leads to a significant decrease in vitamin D and AMH. Deficiency, insufficiency or normality of vitamin D do not affect the main markers of ovarian reserve.

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To cite this article

N. Dokuzeylül Güngör, K. Güngör, N. Celik, M. Önal, A.A. Madenli
Impact of body mass index and vitamin D on serum AMH levels and antral follicle count in PCOS

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 1
Pages: 179-187
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30870