Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (1): 215-223

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30874

How advantageous is it to use computed tomography image-based artificial intelligence modelling in the differential diagnosis of chronic otitis media with and without cholesteatoma?

M. Ayral, Ö. Türk, Ş. Can, D. Esen, İ. Topçu, F. Akil, H. Temiz

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. drhakantemiz@gmail.com


OBJECTIVE: Cholesteatoma (CHO) developing secondary to chronic otitis media (COM) can spread rapidly and cause important health problems such as hearing loss. Therefore, the presence of CHO should be diagnosed promptly with high accuracy and then treated surgically. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of artificial intelligence applications (AIA) in documenting the presence of CHO based on computed tomography (CT) images.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was performed on CT images of 100 CHO, 100 non-cholesteatoma (N-CHO) COM, and 100 control patients. Two AIA models including ResNet50 and MobileNetV2 were used for the classification of the images.

RESULTS: Overall accuracy rate was 93.33% for the ResNet50 model and 86.67% for the MobilNetV2 model. Moreover, the diagnostic accuracy rates of these two models were 100% and 95% in the CHO group, 90% and 85% in the N-CHO group, and 90% and 80% in the control group, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the use of AIA in the diagnosis of CHO will improve the diagnostic accuracy rates and will also help physicians in terms of reducing their workload and facilitating the selection of the correct treatment strategy.

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To cite this article

M. Ayral, Ö. Türk, Ş. Can, D. Esen, İ. Topçu, F. Akil, H. Temiz
How advantageous is it to use computed tomography image-based artificial intelligence modelling in the differential diagnosis of chronic otitis media with and without cholesteatoma?

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 1
Pages: 215-223
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30874