Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2023; 27 (1): 404-410

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30894

Cerebral venous thrombosis after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination: a systematic review

T.-J. Song, J.I. Shin, D.K. Yon, S.W. Lee, S.Y. Hwang, J. Hwang, S.H. Park, S.B. Lee, M.H. Lee, M.S. Kim, A. Koyanagi, K. Tizaoui, J.H. Kim, L. Smith

Department of Neurology, Seoul Hospital, Ewha University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. shinji@yuhs.ac


OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of case reports or case series regarding thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS) and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) related to ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination to address the clinical features, laboratory findings, treatment modalities, and prognosis related with CVT.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We included 64 TTS patients from 19 articles, 6 case series and 13 case reports, in which thrombosis occurred after the first dose of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination published up to 30 June 2021 in Embase, ePubs, Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases.

RESULTS: Of the 64 TTS patients, 38 (59.3%) had CVT. Patients with CVT were younger (median 36.5 vs. 52.5 years, p<0.001), had lower fibrinogen levels (130 vs. 245 mg/dL, p=0.008), had more frequent history of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and had higher mortality rate (48.6% vs. 19.2%, p=0.020) than that of patients without CVT. In multivariable analysis, the possibility of presence of CVT was higher in younger age groups [odd ratio (OR): 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.86-0.97, p<0.001)] and those with accompanying intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) (OR: 13.60, 95% CI (1.28-144.12, p=0.045).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that CVT related to ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination was associated with younger age, low levels of fibrinogen, presence of ICH and more frequent mortality compared to those of non-CVT. If TTS occurs after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination, the presence of CVT in patients with young age or ICH should be considered.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

T.-J. Song, J.I. Shin, D.K. Yon, S.W. Lee, S.Y. Hwang, J. Hwang, S.H. Park, S.B. Lee, M.H. Lee, M.S. Kim, A. Koyanagi, K. Tizaoui, J.H. Kim, L. Smith
Cerebral venous thrombosis after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination: a systematic review

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2023
Vol. 27 - N. 1
Pages: 404-410
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202301_30894