BACKGROUND: Spinal cord involvement by Cryptococcus neoformans infection is extremely rare, with most cases occurring in immunosuppressed patients.
CASE PRESENTATION: A young male patient presented with a 10-day history of progressive lower limb weakness culminating in paralysis, urinary incontinence, and constipation. The patient had no known immunodeficiency induced by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), malignancy, or organ transplantation.
Laboratory investigations showed elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels; however, all other immune indicators were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed oval-shaped extradural masses (1.3-3.5 cm) with isointense T1-weighted signal and heterogeneous T2-weighted signal in the spinal canal at the level of the 9th thoracic vertebra. The lesions spread along the intervertebral foramen and involved both sides, showing significant enhancement in contrast-enhanced MRI.
The patient was managed surgically, in combination with antifungal and anti-tuberculous therapy and could walk independently 3 months after the treatment. Cryptococcosis was confirmed by histopathology and fungal culture.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that for lesions that affect spinal stability or cause severe nerve damage, surgical treatment should be considered along with medical management.Free PDF Download
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License
To cite this article
X. Zhao, F. Sun, H.-X. Li, Y.-P. Li
Tuberculosis complicated by spinal cord cryptococcosis: a case report and literature review
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 27 - N. 1