OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of new on-set autoimmune-inflammatory rheumatic diseases (AIRD) after COVID-19 vaccination has begun to be reported in the literature. In this article, we present our patients with new-onset AIRD after vaccination for COVID-19 and review the literature on the subject.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters of previously described “newly developed AIRD in individuals recently vaccinated for COVID-19”, in 22 cases vaccinated with one of the COVID-19 vaccines (BNT162b2 or CoronaVac) approved in our country.
RESULTS: We collected 22 cases (14 female, 63.6%) that developed an AIRD after COVID-19 vaccination. Mean age was 53±14.4 (24-87) years. The interval between the last dose of vaccination and the development of the first complaint was 23.9±19.5 (4-90) days. CoronaVac was administered to four patients, and the BNT162b2 to 18 patients. AIRD-related symptoms developed in 12 patients after the first dose, in 8 patients after the second dose, and in two patients after the third dose. Twelve out of the 22 (54.5%) cases were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, two with SLE, and the remaining eight patients each with leukocytoclastic vasculitis, Sjogren’s syndrome, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic sclerosis, mixed connective tissue disease, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and inflammatory myositis, respectively. Six patients had a history of documented antecedent COVID-19 infection.
CONCLUSIONS: Autoimmune/inflammatory rheumatic diseases may develop after COVID-19 vaccinations. In the era of the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccination should be questioned carefully in newly diagnosed AIRD patients.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
G. Akkuzu, C. Bes, D.S. Özgür, B. Karaalioğlu, M.Y. Mutlu, F. Yıldırım, P. Atagündüz, A. Gündüz, M. Soy
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases developed after COVID-19 vaccination: presentation of a case series and review of the literature
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 27 - N. 5