OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report a monoinstitutional multidisciplinary experience about the use of multiparametric imaging to identify the areas with higher risk of relapse in localized prostate cancer, with the purpose of allowing a biologically planned target dose escalation.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of patients diagnosed with prostate cancer who received treatments at our Interventional Oncology Center with interstitial interventional radiotherapy from 2014 to 2022. Inclusion criteria were histologically confirmed localized prostate cancer; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) risk class unfavorable intermediate or high/very high risk. The diagnostic work-up included multiparametric Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), multiparametric Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography (PET-CT) with choline or PSMA (or alternatively bone scan). All patients were assessed and received one treatment with interstitial high-dose-rate interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) delivering external beam radiotherapy (46 Gy). All procedures were performed using transrectal ultrasound guidance under general anesthesia and the prescribed doses were 10 Gy to the whole prostate, 12 Gy to the peripheral zone and 15 Gy to the areas at risk.
RESULTS: We report the data of 21 patients who were considered for the statistical analysis with a mean age of 62.5 years. The mean PSA nadir was 0.03 ng/ml (range 0-0.09). So far, no biochemical nor radiological recurrences have been recorded in our series. Regarding acute toxicity, the most commonly reported side effects were G1 urinary in 28.5% of patients and G2 urinary in 9.5%; all recorded acute toxicities resolved spontaneously.
CONCLUSIONS: We present a real-life experience of biologically planned local dose escalation by interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) boost, followed by external beam radiotherapy in patients with intermediate unfavorable- or high/very high risk. The local control and the biochemical control rates are proved to be excellent and the toxicity profile tolerable.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
L. Tagliaferri, G. Alemanno, B. Fionda, A.R. Alitto, V. Frascino, F. Cellini, V. Lancellotta, E. Placidi, A.G. Morganti, G. Kovács, A. Giordano, R. Manfredi, V. Valentini
Multiparametric imaging guided HDR interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) boost in localized prostate cancer: a multidisciplinary experience
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 27 - N. 9