BACKGROUND: Intrathecal administration of antibiotics has potentially high effectiveness for the treatment for severe intracranial infections, particularly nosocomial meningitis. The use of intrathecal injection of antibiotics has been reported mostly in case reports. However, there is sparse data regarding the pharmacokinetics of antibiotics after intrathecal administration.
AIM: This study investigated whether intrathecal injection is an effective method for the administration of imipenem.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pharmacokinetics of imipenem after intrathecal and intravenous administration of 1:1 imipenem: cilastatin (IMI/CIL) to rabbits were compared.
RESULTS: The AUC0-t in the cerebrospinal fluid for intrathecal administration was approximately twice that of an equal dose of intravenous administration at doses of 0.35, 0.7, and 1.4 mg/kg. Brain concentrations of imipenem after intrathecal injection were three times greater than observed after intravenous injection and remained high for at least 8 hours post-injection. Elimination of imipenem after administration by either route was primarily via urine, but a transient surge of imipenem in bile and intestinal tissue was observed.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate that there is a clinical potential for intrathecally administered IMI/CIL. Further studies are warranted to investigate the potential for seizure and to assess the translatability of the rabbit model to human treatment.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
Y. Wang, L. Qiu, J. Dong, B. Wang, Z. Shi, B. Liu, W. Wang, J. Zhang, S. Cai, G. Ye, X. Cai
Comparison of the pharmacokinetics of imipenem after intravenous and intrathecal administration in rabbits
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 17 - N. 6