Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2024; 28 (6): 2329-2339
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202403_35738

Effect of perioperative “Internet + rehabilitation guidance” based on IKAP theory on short-term prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer

J. Min, Y.-Y. Chen, Q.-M. Wang, Y.-Q. Yang

Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, The Affiliated Huai’an No. 1 People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huai’an, China. sarah3808@163.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the “Internet + rehabilitation guidance” under the theory of Information-Knowledge-Attitude-Practice (IKAP) in patients with esophageal cancer during the perioperative period and to analyze the influence on the short-term prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April 2022 to February 2023, 118 patients who underwent radical esophagectomy in the First Hospital of Huai’an Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled using the convenience sampling method. They were divided into the IKAP group (59 cases) and the Control Group (Group C) (59 cases), according to the random number table method. The conventional intervention was performed during the perioperative period, and the IKAP group was also given “Internet + rehabilitation guidance” based on IKAP theory. The first postoperative defecation time, exhaust time, feeding time, discharge time, and postoperative complication rate of the two groups were compared. Meanwhile, blood samples were collected before surgery and 1, 3, 7, and 30 days after surgery (at outpatient review) for the detection of inflammatory factor indexes and nutritional indexes.

RESULTS: Patients within the IKAP group showed a shorter first postoperative exhaust and defecation time, eating time, and hospital compared to the control group (p<0.05). Before surgery, there was no significant difference in serum inflammatory factors and nutritional indexes between the two groups (p>0.05). Comparing the levels of serum inflammatory factors in the two groups after surgery, the levels of CRP and IL-6 in the IKAP group were lower than those in the control group on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. After 30 days, the serum CRP level was found to be lower than the control group, but no statistical difference with the control level of serum IL-6 (p<0.05) was found. Compared with the serum nutritional index levels in the two groups: 1 d after surgery, the serum HGB, PA, and TRF levels were not different (p>0.05). The serum ALB level in the IKAP group was higher than that in the control group (p<0.05). Postoperative 3 d, 7 d, the serum levels of HGB, ALB, PA, and TRF in the IKAP group were higher than those in the control group (p<0.05). After 30 d, there was no statistical difference in serum HGB levels between the two groups (p<0.05); Serum ALB, PA, and TRF levels in the IKAP group were higher than those in the control group (p<0.05). From preoperative to 30 days after surgery, serum CRP and IL-6 levels in 2 groups were first increased and then decreased, while serum HGB, ALB, PA, and TRF levels were first decreased and then increased. After surgery, the IKAP group showed a greater incidence of complications in patients than in controls (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with esophageal cancer, perioperative “Internet + rehabilitation guidance” based on IKAP theory can effectively shorten the postoperative gastrointestinal function recovery time and rapidly reduce the inflammatory response, improving the nutritional status of the body, thereby reducing the risk of short-term postoperative complications.

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To cite this article

J. Min, Y.-Y. Chen, Q.-M. Wang, Y.-Q. Yang
Effect of perioperative “Internet + rehabilitation guidance” based on IKAP theory on short-term prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2024
Vol. 28 - N. 6
Pages: 2329-2339
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202403_35738