Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2005; 9 (1): 15-21

Gastric emptying and intragastric balloon in obese patients

P. Bonazzi, M.D. Petrelli*, I. Lorenzini, E. Peruzzi, A. Nicolai*, R. Galeazzi

O.U. Gastroenterology, *O.U. Dietetic and Clinical Nutrition, Ospedali Riuniti of Ancona – (Italy)


Abstract. – Background: Intragastric balloons have been proposed to induce weight loss in obese subjects. The consequences of the balloon on gastric physiology remain poorly studied. We studied the influence of an intragastric balloon on gastric emptying in obese patients.
Patients and Methods: 12 patients were included in the study, with BMI (mean ± SD) of 38.51 ± 4.32 kg/m2. The balloon was inserted under light anaesthesia and endoscopic control, inflated with 700 ml saline, and removed 6 months later. Body weight and gastric emptying (T1/2 and Tlag) using 13C-octanoic acid breath test were monitored before balloon placement, during its permanence and 2 months after removal.
Results: Mean weight loss was: 6.2 ± 2.3 kg after one month; 12.4 ± 5.8 kg after 3 months; 14.4 ± 6.6 kg after 6 months and 10.1 ± 4.3 kg two months after BIB removal. Gastric emptying rates were significantly decreased in the first periods with balloon in place, and returned to pre-implantation values after balloon removal. T1/2 was: 87 ± 32 min before BIB positioning, 181 ± 91 min after 1 month, 145 ± 99 min after 3 months, 104 ± 50 min after 6 months and 90 ± 43 min 2 months after removal. T lag was 36 ± 18 min before BIB positioning, 102 ± 82 min after 1 month, 77 ± 53 min after 3 months, 59 ± 28 min after 6 months and 40 ± 21 min. 2 months after removal.
Conclusions: BIB in obese patients seems to be a good help in following the hypo caloric diet, especially during the first three months when the gastric emptying is slower and the sense of repletion is higher. After this period gastric emptying starts to return to normal and the stomach adapts to BIB loosing efficacy in weight loss.

Free PDF Download

To cite this article

P. Bonazzi, M.D. Petrelli*, I. Lorenzini, E. Peruzzi, A. Nicolai*, R. Galeazzi
Gastric emptying and intragastric balloon in obese patients

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2005
Vol. 9 - N. 1
Pages: 15-21