AIM: The objective of this study is to examine effects of extracts from cooked lentils on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in normotensive rats.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Animals were divided into four groups (n=5 each group): control group, Ang II group, Ang II plus cooked lentil extract (Ang II+CLE) group, and Ang II plus raw lentil extract (Ang II+RLE) group. The telemetry blood pressure transducers were implanted into all rats. A telemetry BP probe was positioned intra-abdominally and secured to the ventral abdominal muscle with the catheter inserted into the lower abdominal aorta. Heart wall thickness, cross-sectional area of cardiomyocytes, diameter of the arterial cross-sections, and perivascular fibrosis in heart and kidney were measured. The surface area of positive-staining cardiomyocytes was analyzed using image analysis software. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was determined using an oxidant-sensitive fluorogenic probe.
RESULTS: Rats that received cooked or raw lentil extracts (oral administration, 8 weeks) show significantly attenuated Ang II-induced elevation in blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, perivascular fibrosis. Results demonstrated that pretreatment of cardiomyocytes with cooked or raw lentil extract significantly attenuated the Ang II-induced increase in the size of cells (16.0±1.7% and 21.2±2.9%, respectively, n=5, p < 0.05), and cooked or raw lentil extracts also attenuated the Ang II-induced increase in the reactive oxygen species levels in cardiomyocytes (19.8±2.2% & 26.6±3.1%, respectively, n=5, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that extracts from cooked lentils could prevent Ang II-induced elevation in blood pressure, cardiac hypertrophy, small arterial remodeling and perivascular fibrosis, and heating process does not have any significant affect on these protective effects.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
C.-l. Xuan, F.-r. Yao, L.-r. Guo, Q. Liu, S.K.C. Chang, K.-x. Liu, C.-w. Sun
Comparison of extracts from cooked and raw lentil in antagonizing angiotensin II-induced hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 17 - N. 19