At present, coronary angiography represents the gold standard technique for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Our aim is to compare the conventional coronary angiography to the coronary 64-multislice spiral computed tomography (64-MSCT), a new and non-invasive cardiac imaging technique. The last generation of MSCT scanners show a better imaging quality, due to a greater spatial and temporal resolution. Four expert observers (two cardiologists and two radiologists) have compared the angiographic data with the accuracy of the 64-MSCT in the detection and evaluation of coronary vessels stenoses. From the data obtained, the sensibility, the specificity and the accuracy of the coronary 64-MSCT have been defined.
We have enrolled 75 patients (57 male, 18 female, mean age 61.83±10.38; range 30-80 years) with known or suspected coronary artery disease. The above population has been divided into 3 groups: Group A (Gr. A) with 40 patients (mean age 60.7±12.5) affected by both non-significant and significant coronary artery disease; Group B (Gr. B) with 25 patients (mean age 60.3±14.6) who underwent to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); Group C (Gr. C) with 10 patients (mean age 54.20±13.7) without any coronary angiographic stenoses. All the patients underwent non-invasive exams, conventional coronary angiography and coronary 64-MSCT. The comparison of the data obtained has been carried out according to a per group analysis, per patient analysis and per segment analysis. Moreover, the accuracy of the 64-MSCT has been defined for the detection of >75%, 50-75% and Coronary angiography has identified significant coronary artery disease in 75% of the patients in the Gr. A and in 73% of the patients in the Gr. B. No coronary stenoses have been detected in Gr. C. According to a per segment analysis, in Gr. A, 36% of the segments analysed have shown a coronary stenosis (37% stenoses >75%, 32% stenoses 50-75% and 31% stenoses 75%, 29% stenoses 50-75% and 38% stenoses Coronary angiography has detected a greater number of coronary stenoses than the 64-MSCT. 64-MSCT has demonstrated better accuracy in the study of coronary vessels wider than 2 mm, while its accuracy is lower for smaller vessels (diameter < 2.5 mm) and for the identification of in-stent restenosis, because there is a reduced image quality for these vessels and therefore a lower accuracy in the coronary stenosis detection. Nevertheless, 64-MSCT shows high accuracy and it can be considered a comparative but not a substitutive exam of the coronary angiography. Several technical limitations of the 64-MSCT are responsible of its lower accuracy versus the conventional coronary angiography, but solving these technical problems could give us a new non-invasive imaging technique for the study of coronary stents.
Corresponding Author: Nicola Alessandri, MD; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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To cite this article
N. Alessandri, A. Di Matteo, G. Rondoni, M. Petrassi, F. Tufani, R. Ferrari*, A. Laghi*
Heart Imaging: the accuracy of the 64-MSCT in the detection of coronary artery disease
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 13 - N. 3