OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in pregnancy and cervical screening should be accordingly performed in this particular situation. Occurrence of a preneoplastic cervical disease in pregnancy has for a long time represented a challenge for the clinician, both in terms of diagnostic accuracy, treatment options and risk of obstetrical complications. For these reasons, lack of uniformity in diagnosis and management is still commonly observed and the need for evidence-based clarifications is strongly required. Consistently with the literature evidences and accordingly with international guidelines, this review aim to overview the most significant aspects of the issue and trace simple and practical indications for an evidence-based correct workout and management of these conditions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The most significative and focused-on results from literature as well as recent international guidelines have been considered and summarized in order to clarify the key-points of the topic; epidemiology, pathophysiology, natural history, treatment modalities and procedure-related risks have been approached and discussed.
RESULTS: Risk factors, prevalence and progression rate of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in pregnancy are comparable to those observed in non-pregnant patients; thus, pregnancy does not have to be considered a condition at higher risk. Cytology, histology and colposcopic patterns must be evaluated by experienced professionals because of pregnancy-induced modifications that can lead to misinterpretations. Each diagnostic step should be directed to exclusion of invasive cervical cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Once invasive cancer has been excluded through a comprehensive diagnostic workout, treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia can be safely deferred after delivery.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
M. Origoni, S. Salvatore, A. Perino, G. Cucinella, M. Candiani
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) in pregnancy: the state of the art
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 18 - N. 6