Abstract. – Introduction: The management of pain in polytrauma patients is mandatory. While non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) represent the most used drugs in polytrauma patients, their use may be associated with an increased risk of haemorrhage. Opioids may represent a valid alternative to NSAIDs either alone or in combination with acetaminophen. Whether their efficacy is comparable to that produced by NSAIDs in polytrauma patients has never been studied.
Patients and Methods: 60 polytrauma patients were enrolled for this study. 30 patients were treated with acetaminophen 1000 mg plus codeine 60 mg tid for 24 hours (Group A), while the remaining 30 with ketorolac 10 mg qid for 24 hours (Group B). Pain intensity has been evaluated using an analogical visual scale (VAS) ranging from 0 (no pain) to 10 (very severe pain). The level of pain was valuated at enrolment (T0) as well as after 2 (T2), 12 (T12) and 24 (T24) hours from the starting of the analgesic therapy. Results obtained by the group A were compared with those reported by the group B.
Results: T0: Group A mean score was 6.4±1.5 compared with 6.6±1.5 of Group B (p= ns); T2: Group A mean score was 3.4±2.8, compared with 3.5±2.4 of group B (p=ns ); T12: Group A mean score was 3.4±3.4, compared with 3.5±3 of Gorup B (p=ns); T24: Group A mean score was 2.9±1.5, compared to 3.0±1.6 of Group B (p=ns). All those drugs determined a significant reduction of pain intensity during the course of therapy.
Conclusions: Acetaminophen plus codeine is effective in pain control in polytrauma patients at least in our series. It may represent a valid alternative to NSAIDs, especially in patients with a documented haemorrhage or with a high hemorrhagic risk.
Corresponding Author: Francesco Franceschi, M.D, PhD; e-mail: email@example.comFree PDF Download
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F. Franceschi, F. Buccelletti, D. Marsiliani, A. Carroccia, B. Giupponi, G. De Marco, E. Gilardi, G. Merra, F. Mancini, A. Potenza, R. Giannuzzi, S. Calcinaro, M. Marini, N. Gentiloni Silveri
Acetaminophen plus codeine compared to Ketorolac in polytrauma patients
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 14 - N. 7