OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare entity that can present with symptoms of hormone overproduction with surgical resection being the only chance for cure despite the poorly defined tumor behavior. Their management involves a variety of therapies which require a well coordinated multidisciplinary team with the effort to optimize outcomes.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 25 consecutive patients was performed by means of our single institution prospectively maintained database. All patients’ files from 1999 to 2013, with histologically proven neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, were reviewed for clinical presentation, functional status, treatment, postoperative morbidity and mortality.
RESULTS: Of 25 patients a total of 22 patients (11 females, 11 males, average age 49.7 years) underwent surgery with curative intent. We had 3 female patients that underwent palliative surgery because of unresectable disease. Nineteen of the 25 were not functional tumor. For the resected patients the overall morbidity was 38.8%. The 30-day mortality rate was zero. The overall median length of hospital stay was 10.4 days (range 4-23 days).
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical resection with regional lymph node dissection is the only potentially curative therapy for patients with localized PNETs with the exceptions of most insulinomas where simple enucleation may be the standard of treatment. The anatomic considerations for determining the resecability are the same as those for pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Careful follow-up after surgery is essential because up to 50% of patients who undergo complete resection develop metachronous liver metastasis. Distant metastatic disease should be resected if possible.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
D.C. Centonze, N. Cinardi, G. Giannone
Surgical resection for neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas: a fourteen years single institutional observation
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 18 - N. 2 Suppl