OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about the inhibition of centrally located angiotensin-I (AT-I) receptors by highly lipophilic AT-I receptor blockers and its’ effect are limited with experimental studies. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of Telmisartan on Inter-dialytic weight gain (IDWG) % and echocardiographic measurements in anuric hemodialysis (HD) patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of forty-one anuric HD patients with ≥ 6 months maintenance on HD were included in this prospective, randomized and self-controlled study. Four weeks prior the study, angiotensin converting enzyme blockers and AT-I receptor blocker drugs were stopped. Patients were assessed three times during the study protocol. These are baseline, three months later (without Telmisartan period) and three months after Telmisartan therapy.
RESULTS: IDWG % was significantly decreased in the period of with Telmisartan compared to period without Telmisartan (5.6 ± 1.0% vs 5.3 ± 1.0%, p = 0.03). After the administration of Telmisartan left ventricule end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) (p = 0.001) and inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) (19.1 ± 3.8 mm vs 17.3 ± 4.2 mm, p = 0.001) were significantly decreased compared to the period of without Telmisartan. Despite of significantly changes observed in IVCD and LVEDD measurements in a period without Telmisartan, there was no significantly difference in left ventricular mass index (LVMI) measurements in this period. However, LVMI was significantly regressed after the administration of Telmisartan (269.3 ± 82.7 g vs 256.3 ± 70.3 g, p = 0.003 respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of anuric HD patients with Telmisartan at a dose of 40 mg a day reduces IDWG%, LVEDD and IVCD measurements. Further studies investigating the long-term effect of these beneficial effects on clinical outcomes are necessary.Free PDF Download
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A. Kutlucan, M. Demir, Y. Turker, M.T. Sezer, L. Kutlucan, N. Tunc, A. Altuntas, Y. Ugan
Does the inhibition of renin-angiotensin system decrease inter-dialytic weight gain in anuric hemodialysis patients?
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 19 - N. 1