OBJECTIVE: Despite intensive effort to understand the genetic basis of type 2 diabetes, only a few genes responsible for relatively rare monogenic and syndromic subsets of diabetes are known; however, gene(s) responsible for genetic predispositions to common type 2 diabetes are unknown. The current study was obtained a better understanding of the genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive literature search was performed and the extracted data was analyzed. The proportion of variance explained by validated genetic factors for a range of metabolic quantitative traits was analyzed.
RESULTS: A fully elucidated landscape of type 2 diabetes genetics may well depict perhaps a hundred or more common variants individually with low impact on disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Every individual harbors a combination of different risk alleles and only special compilations of these variants in combination with other genetic and non-genetic components will likely lead to disease.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
J. Li, Y.-P. Gong, C.-L. Li, Y.-H. Lu, Y. Liu, Y.-H. Shao
Genetic basis of type 2 diabetes – recommendations based on meta-analysis
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 19 - N. 1