OBJECTIVE: To date, no systematic review has been undertaken to identify the complications of segmental osteotomies. The aim of the present systematic review was to analyze the type and incidence of complications of segmental osteotomies, as well as the time of subjective and/or clinical onset of the intra- and post-operative problems.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted in two electronic databases (MEDLINE – Pubmed database and Scopus) for articles published in English between 1 January 2000 and 30 August 2015; only human studies were selected. Case report studies were excluded. Two independent researchers selected the studies and extracted the data. Two studies were selected, four additional publications were recovered from the bibliography search of the selected articles, and one additional article was added through a manual search.
RESULTS: The results of this systematic review demonstrate a relatively low rate of complications in segmental osteotomies, suggesting this surgical approach is safe and reliable in routine orthognathic surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the small number of studies included in this systematic review, the rate of complication related to surgery first approach may be slightly higher than those associated with traditional orthognathic surgery, since the rate of complications of segmental osteotomies must be added to the complication rate of basal osteotomies. A surgery-first approach could be considered riskier than a traditional one, but further studies that include a greater number of subjects should be conducted to confirm these findings.Free PDF Download
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To cite this article
S. Pelo, G. Saponaro, R. Patini, E. Staderini, A. Giordano, G. Gasparini, U. Garagiola, C. Azzuni, M. Cordaro, E. Foresta, A. Moro
Risks in surgery-first orthognathic approach: complications of segmental osteotomies of the jaws. A systematic review
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 1