OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) of localized brain activities in the resting-state between bipolar depression and unipolar depression patients and to find biological markers that differentiate the two groups of patients.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with bipolar depression, 15 patients with unipolar depression, and 16 healthy control subjects that were matched in age and years of education were subjected to 3.0 T resting-state functional magnetic resonance scans. The values of whole brain fALFF were calculated and statistical analysis was performed.
RESULTS: The fALFF-values of the right inferior temporal gyrus, left cerebellar posterior lobe, right middle temporal gyrus, left inferior frontal gyrus/insula, right inferior frontal gyrus/insula, left lingual gyrus and right middle temporal gyrus of the three groups showed significant differences (p < 0.05). Compared with the healthy control (HC) group, the fALFF-values of the unipolar depression (UD) patient group significantly increased in the right superior temporal gyrus, left insula, left inferior frontal gyrus, right inferior frontal gyrus, right supramarginal gyrus and right medial frontal gyrus but significantly decreased in the right medial occipital gyrus, left frontal lobe, right superior parietal lobule; the fALFF-values of the bipolar depression (BD) patient group significantly decreased in the left cerebellum posterior lobe, right lingual gyrus, left lingual gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus, left middle temporal gyrus, and left superior frontal gyrus and significantly increased in the right inferior frontal gyrus and left insula compared to those of the HC group; compared with those of the UD group, the fALFF-values of the BD group significantly decreased in the left middle occipital gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, and left medial frontal gyrus.
CONCLUSIONS: The brain activities of BD and UD patients in the resting-state exhibit abnormalities, which differ between the two groups of patients.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
H.-L. Yu, W.-B. Liu, T. Wang, P.-Y. Huang, L.-Y. Jie, J.-Z. Sun, C. Wang, W. Qian, M. Xuan, Q.-Q. Gu, H. Liu, F.-L. Zhang, M.-M. Zhang
Difference in resting-state fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation between bipolar depression and unipolar depression patients
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 21 - N. 7