Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in end-stage renal failure. Prognostic role of echocardiography has not been fully elucidated in chronic hemodialysis patients.
Aim: To assess the ability of Doppler echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function along with conventional echocardiographic indices to predict long-term adverse major events in chronic hemodialysis patients with normal LV ejection fraction (EF).
Patients and Methods: A total of 45 chronic hemodialysis patients (aged 49 ± 15 years) were included to the study. All patients underwent complete standard and tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography before and immediately after hemodialysis session and were followed-up prospectively. Major outcome measure was the combination of all-cause death and hospitalization for any cardiovascular event.
Results: During the follow up period (52 ± 26 months) 23 major events occured (17 all-cause deaths and 6 cardiovascular events requring hospitalization). Post-dialytic values of mean left atrial diameter, mitral E (peak early mitral inflow velocity), E/Vp [ratio of mitral E to flow propagation velocity (Vp)] and E/Ea [ratio of mitral E to peak early diastolic mitral annular velocity (Ea)] (average of 4 segments of mitral annulus) were significantly higher in patients who had major events. In Cox proportional hazard analysis only E/Ea ratio predicted combined endpoint of all-cause mortality and nonfatal cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 1.20; confidence interval: 1.03-1.39; p =0.018). The optimum cut-off value for E/Ea determined by ROC curve analysis revealed that E/Ea ratio higher than 9.8 predicted future events with sensitivity of 74% and specificity of 86%.
Conclusions: E/Ea might be an accurate echocardiographic indice during long-term follow up for the prediction of major adverse events in chronic hemodialysis patients with normal LV EF.
Corresponding Author: Umuttan Dogan, MD; e-mail: email@example.comFree PDF Download
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U. Dogan, K. Ozdemir, H. Akilli, A. Aribas, S. Turk*
Evaluation of echocardiographic indices for the prediction of major adverse events during long-term follow-up in chronic hemodialysis patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 16 - N. 3