Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (9): 2624-2630

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201805_14956

Long non-coding RNA ZEB1-AS1 is associated with poor prognosis in gastric cancer and promotes cancer cell metastasis

X.-J. Liu, S.-L. Li, J.-S. Li, H. Lu, L.-L. Yin, W.-F. Zheng, W.-C. Wang

Department of Gastroenterology, Zhoukou Central Hospital, Zhoukou, China. liuxuejin1976@163.com


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA zinc-finger E-box binding homeobox 1-AS1 (lncRNA ZEB1-AS1) in gastric cancer cells and tissues, to study its effect on the gastric cancer cell metastasis capacity, and analyze its clinical significance.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The relative expression level of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 in gastric cancer cells was detected via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Transwell assay was used to detect the effects of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 on the invasion and metastasis capacities of gastric cancer cells. qRT-PCR was used to detect the relative expression level of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 in 75 pairs of gastric cancer tissues, and the correlations of its expression with the pathological characteristics and prognosis of patients were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: qRT-PCR showed that compared with that in the normal gastric epithelial cell (GES-1), the expression level of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 was up-regulated in gastric cancer cells (MKN28, MKN45, BGC823, MGC803, KATOIII, and SGC7901). LncRNA ZEB1-AS1 interfering sequence was transfected into model cells, and Transwell assay showed that the cell invasion and migration capacities were significantly inhibited. qRT-PCR also revealed that the expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 was up-regulated in 55 out of 75 cases of gastric cancer and para-carcinoma tissues (fold change > 1). Statistical analysis showed that the high expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 was positively correlated with TNM staging (p = 0.002), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.002), and invasion degree (p = 0.004). The survival time of patients with high expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 in gastric cancer tissues was shorter than that of patients with low expression (p = 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA ZEB1-AS1 is highly expressed in gastric cancer tissues and cells, and it is expected to be a new prognostic marker of gastric cancer used for the clinical diagnosis and prognostic evaluation. After intervention in lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 expression, the cell invasion and migration are inhibited, and lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 may be an important target to reverse the malignant phenotype of gastric cancer.

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X.-J. Liu, S.-L. Li, J.-S. Li, H. Lu, L.-L. Yin, W.-F. Zheng, W.-C. Wang
Long non-coding RNA ZEB1-AS1 is associated with poor prognosis in gastric cancer and promotes cancer cell metastasis

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2018
Vol. 22 - N. 9
Pages: 2624-2630
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201805_14956