OBJECTIVE: Extra-cellular signal regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is widely involved in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and drug resistance. MAPK kinase 1 (MEK1) is the upstream protein kinase of ERK that can activate ERK/MAPK signaling pathway. microRNA 203 (MiR-203) down-regulation is found to be associated with prostate cancer pathogenesis. Bioinformatics analysis showed the complementary targeted relationship between miR-203 and the 3’-UTR of MEK1 mRNA. This study explored the role of miR-203 in regulating prostate cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, and ADM resistance through affecting MEK1 expression.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dual luciferase assay confirmed the targeted relationship between miR-203 and MEK1. MiR-203, MEK1, p-ERK1/2, and B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expressions were compared in normal prostate epithelial cells PrEC, prostate cancer cells PC-3M, and drug resistance cells PC-3M/ADM. PC-3M, PC-3M/ADM cell apoptosis and proliferation were detected by using flow cytometry under ADM treatment at IC50 concentration of PC-3M cells. PC-3M cells were cultured in vitro and divided into four groups, including microRNA-normal control (miR-NC), miR-203 mimic, small interfere NC (si-NC), and si-MEK1.
RESULTS: MiR-203 targeted and inhibited MEK1 expression. MiR-203 levels and cell apoptosis were significantly lower, while MEK1, p-ERK1/2, Bcl-2, and cell proliferation were significantly higher in PC-3M/ADM cells compared to the PC-3M cells. MiR-203 mimic and/or si-MEK1 transfection significantly reduced MEK1, p-ERK1/2, and Bcl-2 levels, attenuated cell proliferation, induced cell apoptosis, and decreased drug resistance.
CONCLUSIONS: MiR-203 elevation suppressed prostate cancer PC-3M cell proliferation, promoted apoptosis, and weakened ADM resistance through targeted inhibiting MEK1 expression to alleviate ERK/MAPK signaling pathway and Bcl-2 expression.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
L.-Z. Chen, Z. Ding, Y. Zhang, S.-T. He, X.-H. Wang
MiR-203 over-expression promotes prostate cancer cell apoptosis and reduces ADM resistance
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 12