OBJECTIVE: Gastric carcinoma (GC) is a common cancer with heavy mortality and poor outcome at advanced stages and metastasis. Long non-coding RNA nuclear-enriched abundant transcript 1 (NEAT1) has been reported to be an oncogene in GC recently. However, the underlying mechanism is far from understood. We aimed to explore the role of NEAT1 in GC as well as the underlying mechanisms.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of NEAT1 in clinical human GC tissues and GC cell lines were assessed by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Then, NEAT1 was non-physiologically expressed in GC cells (SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells), followed by estimation of cell viability, migration, invasion, apoptosis, activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) pathways, and microRNA (miR)-17 level. Moreover, the effects of miR-17 inhibition on cell viability, migration, and activation of the PI3K/AKT and GSK3β pathways in GC cells overexpressing NEAT1 were also explored.
RESULTS: NEAT1 was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. Then, cell viability and migration of GC cells were markedly increased by NEAT1 overexpression, while the cell invasion and apoptosis were unchanged. The phosphorylated level of PI3K, AKT, and GSK3β were increased by NEAT1 overexpression. Subsequently, we found miR-17 level was positively correlated with NEAT1 expression, and NEAT1 functions through up-regulating miR-17.
CONCLUSIONS: NEAT1 was up-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. Its overexpression enhanced cell viability and migration through up-regulating miR-17, along with activation of the PI3K/AKT and GSK3β pathways.Free PDF Download
To cite this article
C.-L. Wang, D. Wang, B.-Z. Yan, J.-W. Fu, L. Qin
Long non-coding RNA NEAT1 promotes viability and migration of gastric cancer cell lines through up-regulation of microRNA-17
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Vol. 22 - N. 13