Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (1): 75-86

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16751

Nanoscale bubble ultrasound contrast agents-mediated suicide gene therapy system, Nanoscale bubble-LV5-YCD-TK/GCV/5-FC, effectively inhibits bladder cancer cell growth

Y.-R. Fu, F. Chen, Y. Luo, Y.-F. Yi

Department of Urology, The Peoples Hospital of Nanchuan Chongqing, Chongqing, China. yiyongfdr@outlook.com


OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer is the 2nd most common reason for human genitourinary cancer-associated mortality. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Nanoscale bubble ultrasound contrast agents-mediated yeast-cytosine-deaminase-thymidine kinase/ganciclovir (YCD-TK/GCV) or YCD-TK/5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) suicide gene therapy system on BIU-87 cell growth.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Targeted nanoscale bubble ultrasound contrast agents were prepared by utilizing thin-film hydration-sonication approach. Nanoscale bubble-LV5-YCD-TK/GCV(5-FC) was constructed and transfected to BIU-87 cells. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate inflammation. 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to examine cell viability. Cell-cycle distribution was analyzed with cell cycle assay. Flow cytometry assay was utilized to test apoptosis of BIU-87 cells. YCD-TK expression was examined using Western blot and quantitative Real Time-PCR (qRT-PCR), respectively.

RESULTS: YCD-TK highly expressed in Nanoscale bubble mediated suicide gene therapy system. Nanoscale bubble-mediated suicide gene therapy system significantly induced inflammatory response and apoptosis compared to that of Nanoscale bubble group (p<0.05). Nanoscale bubble mediated suicide gene therapy system significantly reduced cell viability compared to that of the Nanoscale bubble group (p<0.05). Nanoscale bubble mediated suicide gene therapy system significantly inhibited cell cycle arrest compared to that of the Nanoscale bubble group (p<0.05). Nanoscale bubble-LV5-YCD-TK/GCV/5-FC therapy system significantly reduced BIU-87 cell viability compared to that of the Nanoscale bubble-associated groups (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Nanoscale bubble-mediated suicide gene therapy system, bubble-LV5-YCD-TK/GCV/5-FC, acts as a novel therapeutic strategy for bladder cancer treatment.

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To cite this article

Y.-R. Fu, F. Chen, Y. Luo, Y.-F. Yi
Nanoscale bubble ultrasound contrast agents-mediated suicide gene therapy system, Nanoscale bubble-LV5-YCD-TK/GCV/5-FC, effectively inhibits bladder cancer cell growth

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 1
Pages: 75-86
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16751