Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (1): 361-369

DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16784

Neutrophil elastase inhibitor suppresses oxidative stress in obese asthmatic rats by activating Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway

J.-Q. Zheng, G.-R. Zhang, J. Li, H.-W. Bi

Department of Pediatrics, Jinan Maternity and Child Care Hospital, Jinan, China. hriu66@163.com


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect the oxidative stress response in the rat model of obesity, asthma and obese asthma. Meanwhile, we aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of neutrophil elastase inhibitor (NEI) on cellular oxidative stress in the body and whether it exerted an effect on the oxidative stress response in obese asthma through the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1/nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Keap1/Nrf2) pathway.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The obesity and asthma models were established using a total of 70 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. All rats were randomly divided into 7 groups. The rats with normal weight were divided into the control (CTR) group (n=10), asthma (ATM) group (n=10) and ATM+NEI group (n=10). Meanwhile, the obese rats were divided into the obesity (OBS) group (n=10), the OBS+NEI group (n=10), the OBS+ATM group (n=10) and the OBS+ATM+NEI group (n=10). After modeling, rats in NEI intervention groups were injected with Sivelestat (5 mg/kg) via the caudal vein twice a day for 1 week. The tests of cough sensitivity to capsaicin and bronchial responsiveness were performed 24 h after the last administration. Lung tissues of rats were collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Meanwhile, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in heart, lung and kidney tissues were detected via 2’,7’-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). The activities of reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), H2O2 and total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) in the heart, lung and kidney tissues were detected using the colorimetric method. The mRNA and protein expressions of Keap1 and Nrf2 messenger ribonucleic acid expressions in the heart, lung and kidney tissues were measured via Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting, respectively.

RESULTS: NEI significantly improved the symptoms and lung pathology in rats with asthma. The level of ROS in the heart, lung and kidney tissues of the OBS group, ATM group and OBS+ATM group was significantly increased. However, NEI markedly inhibited the level of ROS in rats with asthma. The activities of antioxidant stress-related enzymes (reduced GSH, GSH-Px, H2O2 and SOD) in the heart, lung and kidney tissues of the OBS group, ATM group and OBS+ATM group were significantly decreased. However, NEI markedly promoted the activities of the related antioxidant enzymes in oxidative stress response in asthma rats. Besides, the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway in the heart, lung and kidney tissues of the OBS group, ATM group and OBS+ATM group was significantly inhibited, while NEI activated the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway in rats with asthma.

CONCLUSIONS: NEI promotes the release of a variety of antioxidant factors, enhances the activity of antioxidant enzymes and improves the symptoms of rats with obese asthma. The possible underlying mechanism may be the activation of the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

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To cite this article

J.-Q. Zheng, G.-R. Zhang, J. Li, H.-W. Bi
Neutrophil elastase inhibitor suppresses oxidative stress in obese asthmatic rats by activating Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
Year: 2019
Vol. 23 - N. 1
Pages: 361-369
DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201901_16784